“When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, He said, ‘It is finished: and He bowed His head, and gave up the ghost".
The word ‘teleo’ [finished] means ‘to accomplish.’ Our Lord said, ‘Accomplished!’ This declaration to the world was first of all an announcement that the will of God was fulfilled. Secondly, that the salvation of the elect, including al the saving benefits required by Holy God, was now accomplished. The sin of God’s elect was DISCHARGED from their account.
David foresaw this and declared it in Psalm 32:1,2 ‘Transgression forgiven,’ ‘sins covered,’ and ‘iniquity not imputed,’ all refer to the same thing that occurred in the death of Christ, in the body of Christ, upon the soul of Christ. In the Law, as a bird was taken and had its wing dipped in the blood of another bird, Leviticus 14:53, that bird then being allowed to wing its way out into the wilderness, so Christ carried our sin away. As the priest laid his hands upon the head of a goat, and that goat was released out into the wilderness never to be seen again, Leviticus 16:10, so our sin was released to the body of Christ, discharged to Him and carried away, NEVER TO BE SEEN AGAIN.
“It is finished,’ means that by this one act, Christ was the satisfaction of the law before the eyes of Holy God. He was the Substitute for the elect- the actual, absolute Substitute for His people. He was not a potential Substitute, but an actual; not a Substitute with something to be added or completed by the sinner, but an actual Substitute for His people. Only then could He cry, ‘It is finished.’
Reconciliation, sanctification, being adopted, being put under grace, and justification, all go together. If sin was discharged by the one act of obedience of Christ, there is also a reckoning or charging on the positive side as well. The discharge of sin is forgiveness, and the charge or reckoning of Christ’s righteousness is justification, 2 Corinthians 5:21. The discharging of sin (forgiveness), and the charging of righteousness (justification) go together. It is the direct and immediate result of righteousness being charged or imputed and this Christ accomplished exclusively in His death at the cross for His people.
IT IS FINISHED!
Pastor David Simpson, Providence Church, Powell, Tennessee